ChatGPT, a technological revolution or an illusion of a smart machine?


ChatGPT is a digital and conversational bot, available online since the end of November. This artificial intelligence software, developed by Californian startup Open AI, is causing a sensation. He is able to prepare various texts at the request of Internet users on any topic or to give a sufficiently convincing written answer to any question.

To achieve what appears to be a technological revolution, the OpenAI team had to train and “feed” their chatbots with at least 500 billion texts from books, encyclopedias and the internet for months.

Although Internet users are amazed by the performance of the program, Jean Gabriel GanassiaA professor at Pierre-et-Marie Curie University’s computer science laboratory and artificial intelligence researcher believes that ChatGPT is undoubtedly a revolution. comparable to the appearance of a computer “, but this highly sophisticated software presents certain risks to internet users: ” Specifically, these automatic text generators can be used for deception. Students can use it to convince people that they have completed an assignment, or even disinformation and propaganda companies can use it to spread Infox on the internet and social networks. Big Tech firms are already using these text generators for their marketing campaigns. For example, one of the first ads touting the benefits of Chabots was that you could order pizza from home. The service, which at first glance seems very useful for Internet users, also demonstrates the intention of major digital players to dominate the local catering market by deciding, for example, which restaurants are authorized to deliver your pizza. In this case, the use of artificial intelligence seems to me to be a real problem. »

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ChatGPT has been adopted by many students

Although ChatGPT does not provide a source for its answers, making it impossible to verify their reliability, the program has been adopted by many students to write their assignments. Guillaume Leboucher, the founder of the foundation, experiences fraud that is not overly disturbing AI for schoolIt is hosted by the Institut de France, which advises teachers to strengthen the use of these digital tools in schools. ” ChatGPT is an excellent conversational software, but also a new second-generation search engine for finding information on the Internet using natural language. This device has the potential to fundamentally change how we interact with artificial intelligence on a daily basis. But this software also raises ethical and even philosophical issues regarding its use by the general public, especially the younger generation. On the other hand, the first thing to prevent would be to ban it in schools. Instead, our AI for Schools foundation advocates for the use of this digital tool to enable students to progress and practice throughout their education. Therefore, we teachers encourage students to use ChatGPT, but we warn them that it will not get them better grades on their homework. By simply copying and pasting the texts generated by this chatbot. »

Biased content of ChatGPT

The company that created ChatGPT states on its website that its chat app may generate “misinformation,” “or biased content.” And that’s the problem. ChatGPT often detects lies in impeccably written texts, Thierry de Vulpillières, co-founder and presidentEvidence B. This young French startup is developing artificial intelligence apps to fight truancy, like Adaptiv’Math, a smart teacher’s assistant.

This tool is good news in itself for gaining knowledge of ChatGPT. But the computer biases shown by these types of programs represent the main problem of the device. Plus, a problem we find with all AI-based apps.

ChatGPT can actually display false results and pass them off as truth, or provide answers that convey sexist or gender stereotypes. ” We have a research project with the École Normale Supérieure to combat these biases, which we also see in traditional math teaching.Thierry de Vulpillières explains. We have long observed that young girls in school neglect math courses, while neuroscience has shown us that all human brains, whether male or female, are the same and are naturally gifted in this subject. To correct these stereotypes, we use algorithms and AI software to prevent these unfounded biases. Finally, chatbots can both reinforce prejudices in our societies because they also have the ability to unmask and correct them. But the red line to avoid with any AI software is when the machine decides for you. For example, to get your bank loan or to predict your success in an exam. These digital tools are at the service of your intelligence, not the other way around. In a school setting, AI is certainly not meant to bring you ready-made answers like ChatGPT, but rather a set of suggestions to help you find the right answer yourself. “.

The battle of technology giants for the supremacy of artificial intelligence continues

Microsoft is investing about 10 billion euros in OpenAI. And with this chatbot, the Redmond firm can compete with the big search engine Google. Microsoft plans to integrate ChatGPT into Word or Outlook, for example, to create automatic replies to emails.

Other American firms have not been ignored. All Tech giants, from Meta to Google, are announcing the launch of AI programs for the general public, such as text generators, but also images, sounds and even videos. ” We haven’t seen anything yet “, believe most digital science researchers who say that our 21st century will indeed be dominated by artificial intelligence.

►Also read : A Microsoft official and majority partner of OpenAI, the company behind ChatGPT

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