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Household waste: the garbage revolution, packaging

Giant bales are collected with material: paper, brown cardboard, light, dark plastic, plastic films. At Batignolles, west of Paris, we are ahead of the rest of the country. Here, since 2019, we have benefited from the simplified guidelines for sorting packaging, which have been generalized to almost all of them since January 1st. France. After that, all packaging – cardboard boxes, paper bags, bottles, tubes, trays, compote or plastic films, as well as aluminum medicine cans, aerosols, capsules and tablets – should be thrown into the yellow recycling bins. . Until recently, many toothpaste, food containers or yogurt containers avoided sorting and ended up in the household waste bin, gray or green, due to the lack of recycling channels. According to the government, the French, who throw away an average of 582 kilos of waste each year, and above all, increasing the volume of plastic recycling. In France, it is a very low mark compared to neighboring countries (less than 30%). “The only condition is that the packaging is empty, they do not need to be washed,” explains Anne Traband, “materials” engineer at the center des Batignolles. 17th arrondissement of Paris), managed by the Syctom agency. – Truck Noria – At the same time, the new “tri-info” logo, which aims to be more readable, is gradually being placed on daily consumer items, clothing, sports goods. , starting with food. Purpose: to clearly indicate where the used product should be thrown. Clothes and shoes should not go to the yellow boxes, but to the waste bin outside or to the solidarity association. Small appliances as well as tools, materials and green waste should go to a recycling center. Since the beginning of January, DIY shops and garden centers have opened sorting bins to provide new recycling channels. 82 municipalities west of Paris. At the end of a listening course of conveyor belts, filters, optical sorters, magnetic separators and manual sorters, dozens of well-sorted materials emerge: gray packaging of monolayer, colored PET, packaging film, Tetrapak type milk boxes from cardboard, cardboard, paper, steel, aluminum, transparent plastic (PET) and mineral water bottles. The last sorting flow is a plastic mixture of three different resins: polyethylene, polypropylene and polystyrene, which until now has no outlet. Crestyr has announced the launch of a recycling sector for polystyrene packaging in France. On January 11, ten industrialists and organizations, from the French Fishmongers Union to Michelin, should make possible the supply of this new sector, but the refusal to sort. They do not fall into any category (toys or broken dishes, etc.) and go back to incineration. The simplification of the guidelines expected from 2019 at this center, however, “allowed for tonnages of materials received and sorted” in 2020. Mrs. Traband. His “black beasts” are gas balloons, such as whipped cream fillers containing nitrous oxide or helium, which are increasingly being diverted from use to be illegally used as laughing gas. “We find up to a ton. In a month they should be returned to the landfill, like any gas bottle,” Ms. Traband laments. Another problem is that lithium batteries are causing more and more fires. “In 2022, eight or nine fires in this center alone it starts because of batteries,” adds the engineer. Progress is possible in packaging: “A third of paper and packaging still mistakenly ends up in gray or green boxes,” Ms. Traband believes. There is also a solution to the waste problem from “mobile consumption”. Street plastic bottles and cans thrown into garbage bins are almost never sorted and lead directly to incineration. The Ministry of Ecological Transition should open a consultation on the plastic bed on January 30 to eliminate this. im /ha/pta/er

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